Scientific publications on the Shark Bay and Monkey Mia dolphins

Click on the icon to the right of the title for PDF where available or to access the article through the publisher.


Powell, S.N., Wallen, M.M., Bansal, S., & Mann, J. 2018. Epidemiological investigation of tattoo-like skin lesions among bottlenose dolphins in Shark Bay, Australia Science of The Total Environment. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.202
Miketa, M.L., Patterson, E.M.P., Krzyszczyk, E., Foroughirad, V., & Mann, J. 2018. Calf age and sex affect maternal diving behaviour in Shark Bay bottlenose dolphins. Animal Behaviour. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2017.12.023


Galezo, A., Krzyszczyk, E., and Mann, J. 2017. Sexual segregation in Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins is driven by female avoidance of males. Behavioral Ecology.
Miketa, M., Krzyszczyk, E., and Mann, J. 2017. Behavioral responses to fishing line entanglement of a juvenile bottlenose dolphin in Shark Bay, Australia. Matters.
Wallen, M., Krzyszczyk, E., and Mann, J. 2017. Mating in a bisexually philopatric society: bottlenose dolphin females associate with adult males but not adult sons during estrous. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 71(10):153.
Strickland, K., Levengood, A., Foroughirad, V., Mann, J., Krzyszczyk, E., & Frère, C. H. 2017. A framework for the identification of long-term social avoidance in longitudinal datasets. Royal Society Open Science. 4(8):170641.
Krzyszczyk, E., Patterson, E. M., Stanton, M. A. & J. Mann. 2017. The transition to independence: sex differences in social and behavioural development of wild bottlenose dolphins. Animal Behaviour. 129:43-59.
Mann, J. & C. Karniski. 2017. Diving beneath the surface: long-term studies of dolphins and whales. Journal of Mammology. 98(3):621–630. doi: 10.1093/jmammal/gyx036.


Manlik, O., McDonald, J.A., Mann, J., Raudino, H.C., Bejder, L., Krützen, M., Connor, R.C., Heithaus, M.R., Lacy, R.C. & W.B. Sherwin. 2016. The relative importance of reproduction and survival for the conservation of two dolphin populations. Ecology and Evolution. doi: 10.1002/ece3.2130.
Wallen, M.M., Patterson, E.M., Krzyszczyk, E., & J. Mann. 2016. The ecological costs to females in a system with allied sexual coercion. Animal Behavior, 115(2016), 227-236.
Rankin, R. W., Mann, J., Singh, L., Patterson, E.M., Krzyszczyk, E., & L. Bejder. 2016. The role of weighted and topological network information to understand animal social networks: a null model approach. Animal Behavior, 113(2016), 215-228.


Patterson, E.M., Krzyszczyk, E., & J. Mann. 2015. Age-specific foraging performance and reproduction in tool-using wild bottlenose dolphins. Behavioral Ecology doi:10.1093/beheco/arv164
Patterson, E.M. & Mann, J. 2015. Cetacean innovation. In Animal Creativity and Innovation (Eds: A. Kaufman and J. Kaufman). Elsevier. Chapter 4, pp. 73-120. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-800648-1.00004-8.
Nelson, T.M., Apprill, A., Mann, J., Rogers, T.L., & M.V. Brown. 2015. The marine mammal microbiome: current knowledge and future directions. Microbiology Australia. doi: 10/1071/MA15004
Mann, J. & Singh, L.O. 2015. Culture, diffusion, and networks in social animals. Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences (Eds. Robert Scott and Stephen Kosslyn) Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.


Karniski, C.B., Patterson, E.M., Krzyszczyk, E., Foroughirad, V., Stanton, M.A. & J. Mann. 2014. A comparison of survey and focal follow methods for estimating individual activity budgets of cetaceans. Marine Mammal Science. doi: 10.1111/mms.12198
Singh. L.O. & Mann, J. 2014. Modeling social preferences based on social interactions. In Encyclopedia of Social Networks and Data Mining. Alhajj, Reda; Rokne, Jon (Eds.) Springer-Verlag. 2200pps.
Cords, M. & Mann J. 2014. Social conflict management in primates: Is there a case for dolphins? In J. Yamagiwa & L. Karczmarski, (Eds.) Primates and Cetaceans: Field Research and Conservation of Complex Mammalian Societies, Springer. Ch 10, 207-212.
Mann, J. & Würsig, B. 2014. Observing and quantifying delphinid behavior in the wild: Current problems, limitations and future directions. In J. Yamagiwa & L. Karczmarski, (Eds.) Primates and Cetaceans: Field Research and Conservation of Complex Mammalian Societies, Springer. Ch. 17, pp. 335-344.
Stanton, M. & Mann, J. 2014. Social Network Analysis: Applications to primate and cetacean societies. In J. Yamagiwa & L. Karczmarski, (Eds.) Primates and Cetaceans: Field Research and Conservation of Complex Mammalian Societies, Springer. CH 18. pp. 345-354.
Krützen, M., Kreicker, S. MacLeod, C.D., Learmonth, J., Kopps, A.M., Walsham, P. & S.J. Allen. 2014. Cultural transmission of tool use by Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) provides access to a novel foraging niche. Proceedings of the Royal Society-B, doi:10.1098/rspb.2014.0374
Stanton, M. & Mann, J. 2014. Shark Bay bottlenose dolphins: A case study for defining and measuring sociality. In J. Yamagiwa & L. Karczmarski, (Eds.) Primates and Cetaceans: Field Research and Conservation of Complex Mammalian Societies, Springer. Ch. 6, 115-128.
Kopps, A. M., Ackermann, C. Y., Sherwin, W. B., Allen, S. J., Bejder, L. & M. Krützen. 2014. Cultural transmission of tool use combined with habitat specializations leads to fine-scale genetic structure in bottlenose dolphins. Proceedings of the Royal Society-B, doi:10.1098/rspb.2013.3245


Kopps, A. M., Krützen M., Allen, S. J., Bacher, K. & W. B. Sherwin. 2013. Characterizing the socially transmitted foraging tactic “sponging” by bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) in the western gulf of Shark Bay, Western Australia. Marine Mammal Science, doi:10.1111/mms.12089
Mann, J. & E. M. Patterson 2013. Tool use by aquatic animals. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B doi: 10.1098/rstb.2012.0424.
Foroughirad, V. & J. Mann. 2013. Long-term impacts of fish provisioning on the behavior and survival of wild bottlenose dolphins Biol Conserv, 160: 242-249.


Stanton, M. A., & J. Mann. 2012. Early Social Networks Predict Survival in Wild Bottlenose Dolphins PLoS ONE, 7(10): e47508. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047508
Kopps, A. M., & W. B. Sherwin. 2012. Modelling the emergence and stability of a vertically transmitted cultural trait in bottlenose dolphins Animal Behaviour, doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2012.08.029.
Krzyszczyk, E., Kopps, A. M., Bacher, K., Smith, H., Stephens, N., Meighan, N. A., & J. Mann. 2012. A report on six cases of seagrass-associated gastric impaction in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) Marine Mammal Science, doi:10.1111/j.1748-7692.2012.00579.x.
Mann, J., Stanton, M. A., Patterson, E. M., Bienenstock, E. J., & L. O. Singh. 2012. Social networks reveal cultural behaviour in tool-using dolphins Nat Commun, 3, p 980 doi:10.1038/ncomms1983
Patterson, E. M. & J. Mann. 2012. Look, no hands! Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 35:4 , pp 33-34 doi:10.1017/S0140525X1100207X
Tsai, Y-J. J, & J. Mann. 2012. Dispersal, philopatry, and the role of fission-fusion dynamics in bottlenose dolphins. Marine Mammal Science doi: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2011.00559.x
Krzyszczyk, E. & J. Mann. 2012. Why become speckled? Ontogeny and function of speckling in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) in Shark Bay, Australia. Marine Mammal Science. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2011.00483.x


Stanton, M. A., Gibson, Q. A., & J. Mann. 2011. When mum’s away: A study of mother and calf ego networks during separations in wild bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.). Animal Behaviour 82:405-412.
Patterson, E. M. & J. Mann. 2011. The ecological conditions that favor tool use and innovation in wild bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.). PLoS ONE 6(7): e22243. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0022243
Frère, C., Mann, J., Krützen, M., Connor, R., Bejder, L., & W. Sherwin. 2011. Nature and nurture: A step towards investigating their interactions in the wild. Communicative & Integrative Biology 4(2):192-193.
Connor, R. C., Watson-Capps, J. J., Sherwin, W. B. & M. Krützen. 2011. A new level of complexity in the male alliance networks of Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.). Biology Letters, 7(4):623-626


Frère, C., Krützen M., Mann, J., Bejder, L., Connor, R., & W. Sherwin. 2010. Social and genetic interactions drive fitness variation in a free-living dolphin population. PNAS.
Frère, C., Krzyszczyk, E., Patterson, E. M., Hunter, S., Ginsburg, A., Mann, J. 2010. Thar she blows! A novel method for DNA collection from cetacean blow. PloS ONE.
Frère, C., Krützen M., Kopps, A., Ward, P., Mann, J., Sherwin, W. B. 2010. Inbreeding Tolerance and Fitness Costs in Wild Bottlenose Dolphins. Proceedings of the Royal Society-B. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2010.0039
Frère, C., Krützen, M., Mann, J., Watson-Capps, J. J., Patterson, E. M., Tsai, Y. J., Connor, R., Bejder, L., Sherwin, W. B. 2010. Home range overlap, matrilineal and biparental kinship drive female associations in bottlenose dolphins. Animal Behaviour. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2010.06.007


Sargeant, B. L. & Mann, J. 2009. From social learning to culture: Intrapopulation variation in bottlenose dolphins. In B.G. Galef Jr. and K. N. Laland (Eds.) The Question of Animal Culture. Harvard University Press. Ch. 7, Pp 152-173.
Sargeant, B.L & Mann, J. 2009. Developmental evidence for foraging traditions in wild bottlenose dolphins. Animal Behaviour, 78:715-721.
Sharara, H., Singh L., Getoor, L., Mann, J. 2009. The Dynamics of Actor Loyalty to Groups in Affiliation Networks. International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining, JUL 20-22, 2009 Athens, Greece: pp. 101-106.
Gibson, Q.A. & Mann, J. 2009. Do sampling method and sample size affect basic measures of dolphin sociality? Marine Mammal Science. 25:187-198.


Mann, J., Sargeant, B. L., Watson-Capps, J. J., Gibson, Q. A., Heithaus, M. R., Connor, R. C. & Patterson, E. 2008. Why Do Dolphins Carry Sponges? PLoS One. Published Dec 10 2008.
Gibson, Q.A. & Mann, J. 2008. The size and composition of wild bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops sp.) mother-calf groups in Shark Bay, Australia. Animal Behaviour. 76: 389-405.
Gibson, Q.A. & Mann, J. 2008. Early social development in wild bottlenose dolphins: Sex differences, individual variation and maternal influence. Animal Behaviour. 76: 375-387.
Higham, J. & Bejder, L. 2008. Managing wildlife-based tourism: Edging slowly toward sustainability? Current Issues in Tourism. 11(1): 75-83.


Kang, H., Getoor, L. & Singh, L. 2007. Visual analysis of dynamic group membership in temporal social networks. Sigkdd explorations ACM. 9(2): 13-21.
Sargeant, B. L. & J. Mann. 2007. Defining and detecting innovation: Are cognitive and developmental mechanisms important? Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 30: 423-424.
Mann, J., Sargeant, B. L., & M. Minor. 2007. Calf inspection of fish catches: Opportunities for oblique social learning? Marine Mammal Science. 23(1): 197-202.
Sargeant, B.L., Wursing, A.J., Heithaus, M.R., & Mann, J. 2007. Can environmental heterogeneity explain individual foraging variation in wild bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.)? Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.


Bejder, L., Samuels, A., Whitehead, H. & N. Gales. 2006. Interpreting short-term behavioural responses within a longitudinal perspective. Animal Behaviour. 72(5): 1149-1158.
Bejder, L., Samuels, A., Whitehead, H., Gales, N., Mann, J., Connor, R., Heithaus, M., Watson-Capps, J. J., Flaherty, C. & M. Krützen. 2006. Decline in relative abundance of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp) exposed to long-term disturbance. Conservation Biology. 20(6): 1791-1798.
Connor, R. C., Smolker, R. and L. Bejder. 2006. Synchrony, social behaviour and alliance affiliation in Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops aduncus. Animal Behaviour. 72(6): 1371-1378.
Connor, R. C., Mann, J. & J. J. Watson-Capps. 2006. A sex-specific affiliative contact behavior in Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops sp. Ethology. 112: 631-638.
Mann, J. 2006. Sociosexual behaviour among Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphins and the development of male-male bonds. In: Vasey P. and V. Sommer (eds), Homosexual Behaviour in Animals: An Evolutionary Perspective Cambridge University Press. Chapter 4, pp. 107-130.
Gibson, Q. A. 2006. Non-lethal shark attack on a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops sp.) calf. Marine Mammal Science. 22(1):192-198.


Connor, R. C. & J. Mann. 2005. Rational dolphins: A walk on the wild side. In: Hurley S. and M. Nudd (eds.), Rational Animals Oxford University Press pp. 329-367.
Gero, S., Bejder, L., Whitehead, H., Mann, J., & R. C. Connor. 2005. Behaviorally specific preferred associations in bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops spp. Can. J. Zool. 83: 1566-1573.
Krützen, M., Mann, J., Heithaus, M., Connor, R., Bejder, L. & B. Sherwin. 2005. Cultural transmission of tool use in bottlenose dolphins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 105(25): 8939-8943.
Mann, J. & J.J. Watson-Capps. 2005. Surviving at Sea: Ecological and behavioral predictors of calf mortality in Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) Animal Behaviour. 69(4): 899-909.
Sargeant, B., Mann, J., Berggren, P., & M. Krützen. 2005. Specialization and development of beach hunting, a rare foraging behavior, by wild bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) Canadian Journal of Zoology. 83: 1400-1410.
Scott, E. M., Mann, J., Watson, J. J., Sargeant, B. L. & R. C. Connor. 2005. Aggression in bottlenose dolphins: Evidence for sexual coercion, male-male competition, and female tolerance through analysis of tooth-rake marks and behaviour. Behaviour. 142: 21-44.
Watson-Capps, J. J. & J. Mann. 2005. The effects of aquaculture on bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops sp.) ranging in Shark Bay, Western Australia. Biological Conservation. 124: 519-526.


Heithaus, M. R. 2004. Fish communities of seagrass meadows and associated habitats in Shark Bay, Western Australia. Bulletin of Marine Science. 75: 79-99.
Krützen M., Barre L.M., Connor R.C., Mann J. & Sherwin, W. B. 2004. O father: where art thou? - Paternity assessment in an open fission-fusion society of wild bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) in Shark Bay, Western Australia. Molecular Ecology.


Bejder, L. & A. Samuels. 2003. Evaluating impacts of nature-based tourism on cetaceans. In: N. Gales, M. Hindell, R. Kirkwood (eds.) Marine Mammals and Humans: Towards a sustainable balance. CSIRO Publishing. 480 pp.
Samuels, A., Bejder, L., Constantine, R., & Heinrich, S. 2003. A review of swimming with wild cetaceans with a specific focus on the Southern Hemisphere. In: N. Gales, M. Hindell, R. Kirkwood (eds.) Marine Mammals and Humans: Towards a sustainable balance. CSIRO Publishing. 480 pp.
Mann, J. & C. Kemps. 2003. The effects of provisioning on maternal care in bottlenose dolphins. In: N. Gales, M. Hindell, R. Kirkwood (eds.) Marine Mammals and Humans: Towards a sustainable balance. CSIRO Publishing. 480 pp.
Mann, J. & B. Sargeant. 2003. Like mother, like calf: The ontogeny of foraging traditions in wild Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.). In: Fragaszy D. and S. Perry (eds.) The Biology of Traditions: Models and Evidence. Cambridge University Press. pp.236-266.
Krützen, M., Sherwin, W. B., Barre, L. M., Connor, R. C., Van de Casteele, T., Mann, J. & R. Brooks. 2003. Contrasting relatedness patterns in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) with different alliance strategies. Proceedings of the Royal Society - Series B: Biological Sciences. 270: 497-502.


Heithaus, M. R. & L. M. Dill. 2002. Food Availability And Tiger Shark Predation Risk influence bottlenose dolphin habitat use. Ecology 83: 480-491.
Heithaus, M.R. & L.M. Dill. 2002. Feeding Strategies and tactics. In:Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. W. F. Perrin, B. Wursig, & J. G. M. Thewissen (eds.) Academic Press: New York. pp. 412-422.
Heithaus, M. R., Dill, L. M., Marshall, G. J. & B. Buhleier. 2002. Habitat Use And Foraging Behavior Of Tiger Sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier) In A Seagrass ecosystem. Marine Biology 140: 237-248.
Heithaus, M. R., Frid, A. & L.M. Dill. 2002. Shark-Inflicted Injury Frequencies, escape ability, and habitat use of green and loggerhead turtles. Marine Biology. 140: 229-236.


Heithaus, M.R. 2001. The biology of tiger sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier, in Shark Bay, Western Australia: sex ratio, size distribution, diet and seasonal changes in catch rates.Environmental Biology of Fishes. 61:25-36.
Heithaus, M. R., Marshall, G. J., Buhleier, B. M. & L. M. Dill. 2001. Employing Crittercam to study habitat use and behavior of large sharks. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 209:307-310.
Heithaus, M. R. 2001. Shark attacks on bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops aduncus) in Shark Bay, Western Australia: Attack rate, bite scar frequencies, and attack seasonality. Marine Mammal Science. 17: 526-539.


Connor, R. C., Heithaus, M. R., Berggren, P. & J. L. Miksis. 2000. 'Kerplunking': Surface fluke-splashes during shallow water bottom foraging by bottlenose dolphins. Marine Mammal Science. 16: 646-653.
Connor, R.C., Wells, R., Mann, J. & A. Read. 2000. The bottlenose dolphin: social relationships in a fission-fusion society. In: Mann J., Connor R., Tyack P. and H. Whitehead (eds.), Cetacean Societies: Field studies of whales and dolphins. University of Chicago Press.
Mann, J., Connor, R. C., Barre, L. M. & M. R. Heithaus. 2000. Female reproductive success in wild bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.): Life history, habitat, provisioning,and group size effects. Behavioral Ecology. 11: 210-219.


Connor, R. C., Heithaus, M. R. & L. M. Barre. 1999. Superalliance of bottlenose dolphins. Nature. 371: 571-572.
Janik, V.M. 1999. Origins and implications of vocal learning in bottlenose dolphins. In: Box H.O. & Gibson K.R. (eds), Mammalian social learning: comparative and ecological perspectives. Cambridge University Press: 308-326.
Mann, J. 1999. Behavioral Sampling for Cetaceans: A Review and Critique. Marine Mammal Science.15(1): 102-122.
Mann, J. & H. Barnett. 1999. Lethal tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvieri) attack on bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops sp.) calf: Defense and reactions by the mother. Marine Mammal Science. 15(2): 568-575.
Mann, J. & B. B. Smuts. 1999. Behavioral development in wild bottlenose dolphin newborns (Tursiops sp.). Behaviour. 136: 529-566.
Smolker, R. A. & J. Pepper. 1999. Whistle convergence among allied male bottlenose dolphins Delphinidae, Tursiops sp.) Ethology. 105(7): 595-617.


Mann, J. & B. B. Smuts. 1998. Natal attraction: Allomaternal care and mother-infant separations in wild bottlenose dolphins. Animal Behaviour. 55: 1097-1113.


Mann, J. 1997. Individual differences in bottlenose dolphin infants. Family Systems. 4: 35-49.
Smolker, R. A., Richards, A. F., Connor, R. C., Mann, J. & P. Berggren. 1997. Sponge-carrying by Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphins: Possible tool-use by a delphinid Ethology. 103: 454-465.


Connor, R. C. & M. R. Heithaus. 1996. Approach by great white shark elicits flight response in bottlenose dolphins. Marine Mammal Science. 12: 602-606.
Connor, R. C. & R. A. Smolker. 1996. 'Pop' goes the dolphin: a vocalization male bottlenose dolphins produce during consortships. Behaviour. 133: 643-662.
Connor, R. C., Richards, A. F., Smolker, R. A. & J. Mann. 1996. Patterns of female attractiveness in Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphins. Behaviour. 133: 37-69.
Connor, R. C., & R. A. Smolker. 1995. Seasonal changes in the stability of male-male bonds in Indian Ocean Bottlenose dolphins. Aquatic mammals. 21: 213-216.

1995 & prior

Mann, J., Smolker, R. A., & B. B. Smuts. 1995. Responses to calf entanglement in free-ranging bottlenose dolphins. Marine Mammal Science. 11(1): 168-175.
Smolker, R. A., Mann, J., & B. B. Smuts. 1993. The use of signature whistles during separations and reunions among wild bottlenose dolphin mothers and calves. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 33: 393-402.
Connor, R. C., Smolker, R. A. & A. F. Richards. 1992. Two levels of alliance formation among bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops) sp. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 89: 987-990.
Connor, R. C., Smolker, R. A. & A. F. Richards. 1992. Dolphin alliances and coalitions. In: Harcourt A.H. & de Waal F.B.M., (eds), Coalitions and alliances in humans and other animals. Oxford University Press. pp. 415-443.
Smolker, R. A., Richards, A. F., Connor, R. C. & J.W. Pepper. 1992. Sex differences in patterns of association among Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphins. Behaviour 123: 38-69.
Connor, R. C., & R. A. Smolker. 1990. Quantitative description of a rare behavioral event: a bottlenose dolphins behavior toward her deceased offspring In: Leatherwood S. & Reeves R.R. (eds), The Bottlenose Dolphin. Academic Press, New York: 355-360.
Smolker, R. & A. F. Richards. 1988. Loud sounds during feeding in Indian ocean bottlenose dolphins. In: Nachtigall P. & Moore P.W.B. (eds), Animal Sonar: processes and performance. Plenum Press, New York. pp. 703-706.
Connor, R. C. & R. A. Smolker. 1985. Habituated dolphins (Tursiops sp.) in Western Australia. Journal of Mammalogy. 66: 398-400.